EFI conversion is a great way to modernize your engine and get the most out of it. But what exactly is needed for an EFI conversion? To answer this question, it's important to understand the components and processes involved in an EFI conversion. At its core, an EFI conversion requires an oxygen sensor, an air pressure sensor in the manifold, an air temperature sensor, a coolant sensor, and a throttle position sensor. These sensors are easy to install, as they simply screw into the engine. Most EFI conversion kits come with all the necessary components, but if you need to purchase them separately, sensor packages are available. The feedback from these sensors allows the EFI control unit to constantly adjust the fuel mixture to changing operating conditions.
This ensures that your engine is running at its optimal performance level. If you're used to handling a carburettor and have good skills in tuning them, you may be hesitant to venture into the unknown territory of EFI. Fortunately, there are conversion kits from the aftermarket that replace the intake manifold, throttle body, injectors, cable harness and standard EFI sensors with a carburettor and manifold. This allows you to modernize your engine without having to use EFI or computerized engine controls. Most modernized EFI systems (type 4150 throttle bodies) use a speed density adjustment strategy to determine the right fuel for the engine by collecting information from the throttle position sensor (TPS), the absolute pressure sensor (MAP) in the manifold, the rpm, an oxygen (O) sensor, a coolant temperature sensor (CTS) and the manifold air temperature sensor (MAT).These sensors provide essential data for the proper adjustment of the EFI system. This ensures that your engine is running at its optimal performance level. For those who are more experienced with carburettors and don't want to venture into EFI territory, there are still options available.
There are numerous multi-port EFI conversion kits and throttle bodies available in the aftermarket that allow you to convert almost any carburized engine into EFI. For the most demanding races, EFI systems with more advanced, high-power professional ports require a laptop and advanced tuning skills to operate. Some of the original equipment's EFI systems are also velocity-density systems (Chrysler and the former GM Tuned Port Injection), but most are “massive airflow” systems that use an expensive MAF sensor mounted in front of the throttle body to read the airflow that enters the engine. EFI conversion can be intimidating for those who have never done it before. But with all of the options available in the aftermarket, it's easier than ever to convert your carburized engine into an efficient and powerful EFI system.